Crataegus douglasii

Oregon, black hawthorn

Habit: upright, bushy shrub/tree with a spreading rounded crown, coarse, gray bark, and smooth, red young twigs. Occasional stout thorns, 0.5-1 in (1-3cm) long, adorn the branches. Shiny, dark green leaves are oval, very slightly lobed with a double serrated margin near the tip and pale undersides. Flowers appear as white, globed shaped buds opening into clusters of 5-12 white flowers with greenish centers occurring terminally. Fruit is a small edible purplish-black berry. Blooms in spring. Leaves turn yellow, orange and red in autumn.

Ecology: found in the northern latitudes of North America, most abundant in the Pacific Northwest between elevations of 2200-5400 ft (670-1600 m). Oregon hawthorn is common in wetlands, open moist places, coastal bluffs, and slopes.

Growing Conditions: full sun to partial shade, moist to dry soil.

Fruits are edible, provides excellent food and shelter for wildlife. Crataegus douglasii is an excellent plant to use as a soil stabilizer and streambank erosion control, avoid using it in depleted soils.

Always seek advice from a professional before consuming or using a plant medicinally.

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Type: Deciduous Shrub/Tree
Height: 10-32 ft (3-10 m)
Width: 6-10 ft (2-3m)
USDA Zones: 4-9
Map courtesy of USDA-NRCS Plants Database.